Introduction

Mergers are meant to bring the best out of the companies when they merge. The owners of the merging companies do so to merge their resources and together form a greater force in the market. This means the merging companies must be operating in similar lines of services or products to be able to form the required force by the management. As a worker in the human resourced department, I have done a thorough research and recorded the information I have obtained. This information provides the management of the company with details of what they can do in the company to enhance a successful organization restructuring. Without considering these details, the company will be doomed to fail due to the problems while managing the restructuring process.

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Leadership theories

A number of leadership theories exist that can be used to run a company. These theories differ in the way they perceive a leader and the type of setting the theory should be applied in. The common leadership theories can be narrowed down to eight general categories. One of these theories is the great man theory, which advocates for the belief that great leaders are born, and not made. This means that great leaders are born with leadership traits. This theory, however, has lost ground in the current culture where the behavior theory has gained followers, because most people would agree that leaders are made, and not born. This means companies gloom those who will be the future managers by keeping them close to the company management so that they can learn how to run the organization. However, there is still a belief in the trait theory that people inherit certain traits that make them suit leadership positions best. Contingency theory of leadership focuses on using a leadership style that suits the circumstances at hand. This means the system should not be rigid but flexible enough to deal with the changing nature of issues a leader is facing. Situational theory is almost similar to the contingency theory, but it differs in the issue of choosing a leadership style based on the situation, where an experienced leader in charge of a young team might choose totalitarian system of management or a democratic one, if the members and the leader are of equal experience levels.

Evaluate the impact of managerial styles on organizational effectiveness

The management of a company is entrusted with the role of making decisions that determine the way things are done in the company. Managers who have developed great policies have managed to put their companies on a growth path, which, if maintained by future managers, ensures that the company remains profitable forever. Managers formulate their management policies and determine how these policies are implemented. There are new challenges that are emerging with the development of technology, adoption of globalization and specialization. These challenges are demanding for great management techniques that will be able to overcome them and ensure a company becomes a global leader in the fortune 500 list. The management of a company has the responsibility of adopting the best management practices that have been successfully incorporated in other companies and delivered the expected results. An example is the lean manufacturing technique, which was introduced by Honda and Toyota motors. This technique incorporates other techniques such as improved material flows, just-in-time production, and reduced inventories. Other companies in the automobile and other sectors have adopted this technique, which has improved their productivity and effectiveness tenfold. This shows that there is a great correlation between the management style of a company and the companys effectiveness. Mediocre management styles yields mediocre returns in terms of the companys effectiveness, and great management styles yield great results for a company.

Motivational theory

There is a number of motivation theories that aim at considering the aspects of taking care of the employees and motivating them. Motivated employees deliver more than those who are not motivated. The existing theories highlight a number of aspects of the employees life that need to be prioritized to motivate the employee. Vrooms theory propagates the belief that the employees efforts will lead to performance, and performance will lead to reward. The theory further classifies reward into two categories: the positive and the negative. Negative motivation demotivates the employees, thus leading to poor performance. Positively motivated employees are energized to work harder, which leads to better performances and a higher output in the work place. Adams theory views motivation as the one achieved when the employees achieve their target of equity. This equity is achieved when the ratio of employees outcomes over inputs is equal to other employees outcomes over inputs. Skinners theory opines that employees repeat positive behaviors that lead to positive outcomes, while negative ones are not repeated. This implies that positive behaviors of the employees should be encouraged. Maslows theory insists that employees have five levels of needs that need to be fulfilled before the next level of needs is considered. These needs are psychological, safety, social, ego, and self-actuating. Employees are motivated if these needs are fulfilled. Herzbergs theory categorizes motivation into two parts: motivators and hygienes. Motivators include factors such as achievement and recognition, which he says produce job satisfaction. Companies need motivated employees for survival.

Work relationships and interaction

The relationships between workers are assigned immense importance. Different theories try to explain the best way workers should interact and relate in the work place. The relationships between workers are of great importance for the success of a company and should be highly valued. An organisation that has workers who relate poorly usually under performs due to the frequent disputes that might arise between them. Workers spend approximately forty-five hours per week together, which means they ought to have good relationships for them to coexist in harmony. The organisation to achieve its targets needs to ensure that employees relate cordially and have good interpersonal relationships.

Different organization structures.

Market Structure. Market structure is applied to group employees on the basis of specific market the company operates in. A company may have three different markets they use and according to this structure, each being a separate division in the structure.

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Geographic structure. Large organizations have offices located in different places; for example, there could be a north zone, south zone, west and east zone. The organizational structure would then follow a zonal region structure.

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ACs 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.1

Line Structure: This has a very specific line of command. The approvals and orders in this kind of structure come from top to bottom in a line. Hence the name line structure. This kind of structure is suitable for smaller organizations. This is a sort of structure that allows for easy decision making and is very informal in nature. They have fewer departments, which makes the entire organization a very decentralized one.

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Facilitating information and creativity

Organizations can facilitate the flow of information and creativity by creating a system that encourages employees to share the information they have with the management. The organization can promote creativity in the work place by promoting regular brain storming sessions, which create an opportunity for employees to produce highly innovative ideas. The organization can also create an encouraging environment to boost the creativity of the employees. The organization can increase creativity by creating a collaborative environment, which ensures that workers carry their duties together, which creates an opportunity for them to come up with new ways of undertaking their duties. Encouraging team members to take risks will also boost creativity, because the fear of messing up is alleviated by the need to take risks. These methods are also important when encouraging sharing of information between the workers. Workers who are encouraged to work as a team are free to share their ideas and any information they might have gathered from other sources that may be of great importance to the company.

The importance of learning in organizations

Employees in an organization need to keep on gaining more knowledge that relates to the work they are doing in the company. This knowledge is obtained mainly from learning. This can be achieved by the employees getting enrolled in further studies and attending short courses offered by experts in different areas of specialization that the workers have an interest in. This gives the employees an opportunity to learn about the emerging trends in their areas of specialization, thus contributing the important knowledge to the company. Employees prolong their education, hoping that they will be promoted after that. This is a great motivation, which ensures that the company has a pool of highly knowledgeable workers who contribute to its growth.

The effectiveness of team work

Team effectiveness is the system of getting people in an organization to work together effectively. This idea originates from the notion that a group of people working together is more effective than an individual working alone. Team effectiveness is determined by a number of factors. One of these factors is the right mix of skills. Team effectiveness relies heavily on having a team of people working together with skills that complement each other. These people are able to take different responsibilities in the group depending on their skill set. This makes the group more effective, because every role is played by a skilled team player, which helps overcome the weaknesses of other members of the team. Having people of the same skills does not auger well with the team. The right motivation is another factor that determines the team effectiveness. This motivation is based on the kind of project the team is working on. If the project is too hard or too easy, the devotion of the group to the project might be half-hearted. The effectiveness is achieved by setting targets that the team must strive to achieve. These targets will motivate the team to work together to achieve the desired success. Finally, the ability to solve conflicts without comprising the quality of the project is an important aspect of an effective team work.

Approaches to organizational decision making

There are different approaches to decision making that are commonly employed in different organizations. There are two factors that determine which approach will be adopted for that particular decision to be made. These are the relative urgency of the decision and the importance of the engagement. This has to do with the importance of people agreeing in arriving at the decision and supporting it in its implementation.

Effective management of change in organizations

The current business environment requires a business to keep changing in order to adjust to it. The environment is changing so fast that companies and organizations have to keep up with these changes in order for them to remain relevant and competitive. Organizations have to be prepared to manage these changes. The following techniques are used to manage the changes.

Understanding the current state of affairs. This is by identifying the current problems that the organization is facing with. A level of importance is attached to each problem, and the necessary change that can arise from solving the problem is assessed.

Competently envisioning and laying out the desired future state of the organization. This is done by envisioning the best outcome of the change and transferring this image to all the employees in order to prepare them for the change. This change involves maintaining certain aspects of the company such as the companys mission and vision.

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