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The Importance of Vaccination to Children
To all parents who have been reading different information on the Internet about vaccination and still cannot make the best decision, I want to admit that the Institute of Medicine informs everyone about the safe childhood immunization in the United States. The reason of this report is to diminish all suspicions, analyze anti-vaccine campaign, and make the right choice as the main task for parents is to grow up their child healthy and happy.
A director of the U.S. Department and Health and Human Services Vaccine Program Office Martin G. Myers, M.D. says: Vaccines are very safe, but nothing is without risks (Meadows, 2003). There is no doubt vaccination can harm some children. Parents can be absolutely assured that vaccination directed to their children will be effective and safe. The government admits health risks by supplying financial payment to people whose child has adversely suffered from vaccinations. All doctors, before they direct to vaccinate a child, must inform parents of the potential damaging side effects. Medical workers have established that everyone had different immunity and a child's immune system is not well till a child is 3 years old. To administer vaccines in a one-size-fits-all approach poses a significant risk to some individuals (Klicka, 2012).
No doubt, as more children are vaccinated, more of them will be protected from becoming ill. The only argumentation to recede the decision of vaccination is when one of diseases had been wiped out worldwide, like it was in 1976, when the swine influenza vaccination was connected with a severe paralytic illness called Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS). According to the CDC's vaccine information sheet on the influenza vaccine, "if there is risk of GBS from current influenza vaccines, it is estimated at 1 or 2 cases per million persons vaccinated, much less than the risk of severe influenza, which can be prevented by vaccination." Each year, influenza motives thousands of deaths, especially of older persons. Most people who were vaccinated have no dangerous problems from it (Meadows, 2003).
The schedule of vaccination is formed to protect children until they are exposed to potentially serious life diseases and when they are most open to be attacked by infections. Vaccines consist of a weakened (killed) form of disease-causing viruses or bacteria, or microorganisms that generate a response by everybody's immune system. This is the model: vaccination provokes bodies to make antibodies proteins that correctly recognize and target the viruses and bacteria instead of which vaccination is designed. This process helps eliminate antibodies from the body when the body encounters them (Meadows, 2003). Antibodies normally disappear after they have killed the invading antigens although the cells involved in this antibody creation remain and convert memory cells. Memory cells are able to remember the authentic antigen and then protect in opposition to it if the identical antigen attempts to attack a childs organism even though decades have passed from the last incident.
All vaccines have the same antigens or just parts of these antigens that bring out diseases, but the vaccines antigens are greatly weakened or killed. Vaccines antigens are not powerful enough to cause a disease, but they are powerful enough to create the immunity to produce antibodies opposite to them. In the future, memory cells will be able to encounter the disease.
Without the protection of vaccine, a child can contract with somebody and pass on infectious diseases. It may only take one person, whether it is a family member, a neighbor, or a visitor from another country, to start the spread of the disease. Moreover, even immunized individuals can be at risk, because no vaccine is ever 100 percent effective for everyone (Meadows, 2003).
Such governmental agencies as Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Institutes of Health, and the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention study and monitor effectiveness and safety of each vaccine, looking for opportunities to improve it. Parents take into account serious side effects including illnesses, disabilities or allergic reaction, but it should be noted that the benefits of vaccination far outweigh these risks (Meadows, 2003).
Vaccines prevent from potentially serious diseases which can be dangerous or even deadly. Vaccination decreases the infection risk by working with natural defenses of the body to help to develop immune system. Health care experts let people know beforehand of avoiding Internet posts or evening news reports, because these sources do not reflect a truthful view of the benefits and risks of the vaccination. After licensing the vaccine, the FDA requires to test samples from every vaccine for potency, safety, and cleanness prior to the release for general use. The FDA is also interested in assuring the accuracy of manufacturers tests. Goodman says: Unless you have studied something in a million or more people, you might never see the very rare event or be able to know whether it occurred due to vaccination or simply by chance (Heyworth, 2010).
Immunization also helps to form up immunity to confine the future shortening of potentially life diseases leading to a comfortable and healthier life. All new vaccines are getting a license only after the Food and Drug Administration reviews the conclusion of laboratory research and trials accomplished by physicians and scientists. It is really selfish of parents to put their and other children at risk. Starting the vaccination since the birth time brings protection from different infections that can happen with children later in adulthood. There are the following reasons to vaccine children:
Vaccination can protect the person who receives it and those with whom he/she comes in contact.
It helps to form immunity system as unvaccinated children are subjected to a danger disease germ, and the body cannot be able to fight this disease.
Doing vaccination to children prevents them from a number of risks to couch a potentially life disease and to stay away from epidemics.
Every time a parent is making a decision whether to the vaccine ones child or not, he/she should remember that the child would live with the other kids and inflict the risk on them. Healthy and happy future of parents and children depends solely on parents decisions.