Ethical leadership is a leadership that requires from an organization and its employees the honest relations with high moral and ethical values. It supports the principle of how to benefit an organization rather than interests of a leader. This research paper demonstrates the information about ethical leadership in an organization. It highlights the main principles and features of ethical leadership. The paper tells about the importance of ethic and moral values for the future success of a company. It explains why companies should practice ethical leadership. It also answers the question: when and by whom should ethical leadership be used?
A leader is a person that has a recognized authority. It is a person who can build the relationship with a group of people without using the formal authority. Leader is a member of a team where he or she has the right to make responsible decisions in important situations. The concept of leadership can be defined as the process of direct and coordinate behavior of people in order to achieve common goals. A special role in the formation of the moral climate in an organization plays an ethical position of an organization’s chief as well as his or her moral qualities and responsibilities, which include: an analysis of the value aspects of any problem faced by the organization; control of passions and emotions; analysis of preferences in the organization in terms of ‘awareness’, ‘engagement’, ‘commitment’ and others. An ethical leader has an important influence on organization, community, and society as a whole. A leader of the company can comply with all laws, while remaining extremely immoral in doing business. Laws are only the requirements that could not be well performed without the moral standards. The ethical principles in leadership should be the basis of any organization which seeking to develop the success of an organization and share it with its employees.
A moral leader is a person who controls or makes decisions based on fair and ethical principles, not personal, political or financial considerations. One of the options for ethical leadership can be an understanding of what it is directed. Namely, it is the creation and implementation of effective opportunities by noble means. Only under the condition of using the manipulative and justified values, a leader will have a long-term and positive impact on the followers’ actions. Ethical leadership is based, to a large extent, on the authority of a leader rather than his or her power, which practices coercion and punishment. The strength of a leader who uses the power depends on the values of these two parameters. Speaking of power, it is always possible to buy it or had inherited, but the authority is more intrapersonal education, and the only way to get it is to earn by demonstrating the values proclaimed in the behavior (Bellingham, 34-36).
One of the main mechanisms of ethical leader influence is identification
Receiving credibility from people, a leader becomes the object of imitation of his or her subordinates who actually copy the leader’s behavior. They trigger the mechanism of identification which takes the form of the desire to be like a leader. The influence of ethical leadership is ability to create, define and translate the high standards of oral behavior. Identification with such type of a leader allows employees to internalize its values. In other words, it helps them to assimilate the social norms and evaluations.
The experience of the successful corporations based on the model of behavior that focused on the use of modern technology management team. The successful implementation of corporate governance that secured the reputation as the reliable partners of these corporations, whose quality of products and services are no doubt among consumers, would not be possible if the authorities did not implement their own model of leadership. The model of ethical leadership assumes that every an effective leader influences others in a variety of ways that they overcome their own selfish self-interest and act for the good of an organization. In order a management team would work effectively, it is necessary that each member, despite of his or her position and high status, must be prepared to delegate authority to colleagues. It must be open to self-evaluation of colleagues and able to maintain the discipline. A team must be also able to maintain tolerance under the most difficult conditions. The high-performance teams are based on mutual trust of its members. Only the multiply efforts and abilities of each member give a synergistic effect in solving the most complex problems that occurred in an organization (Kidder, 44).
The tricky thing about ethic is that if it will be asked leaders, what they mean when they use the word ethic, there would be many different answers. The ethical behavior implies a notion of what is right, but people with different culture and background could define it in a variety of ways. The principle of ethic could be right in that situation where each of the team’s members is agreed with the end action (Berkowitz, 4). The ethical leadership includes two concepts. The first one is that a leader must made ethical decisions as a truly ethical person. The second one is that he or she must lead ethically. It means that a leader must treat employees in everyday interaction. The ethical leadership is characterized by the visible and invisible features. The visible features of a leader are manifested in his actions; how he or she treats their subordinates; what statements a leader make and how behave in public. The invisible features of ethical leadership are the process of decision-making, the character and mind-set of a leader (Berkowitz, 6). The most important one is to have courage in the tough situations to make ethical decision.
Ethical leaders are ethical not only in some situations
They are ethical all the time in order to maintain the intellectual environment at work. Ethic is something that should be like a constant philosophy that keeps the team in a one mood. There are many reasons why ethical leadership should be practice at the work environment. A leader in any company is a role model for others employees. If the company policy is to establish honest and ethical behavior among the workers, it is necessary to hire the ethical leader who can provide the ethical environment by his behavior. The ethical leadership can establish trust among people in an organization. The workers will follow the leader with ethical values, because they could trust him or her. If a person is proved as an ethical leader, it can bring the extra respect and credibility to an organization. Ethical leadership can provide a good collaboration with other companies. The companies will be more willing to have the business relations when they know that the company collaborates with them ethically. Ethical leadership is a good tool for creating a good climate among employees and within the organization. When people know that no one abuses the power, they will be willing to work respectfully with straightforward thoughts. The employees will feel themselves more secure in an organization that use the ethical leadership. It will give for them the feeling of one community and will increase their productivity. The ethical leadership will allow for the each member of a company to occupy the high moral ground and afford self-respect. The use of ethical leadership will allow for workers to sleep at night without negative thoughts and be in good shape (Berkowitz, 15). The last simple reason is that the ethical leadership is just the right thing to do. It is the best way to make the business as an honest basis for making money.
There is one option for people who think where and when apply ethical leadership
An organization that think not only about income, but think of the company as a whole, should apply it all the time by anyone who is in the leadership position. It does not a matter whether the person holds the formal or informal position. Ethical leadership should constantly be practices within an organization. Of course, there are a lot of situations when it is difficult to make an ethical choice, especially if it turned against someone interest. However, this is the way how ethical leadership works. Eventually, it will benefit the organization.
In order to practice ethical leadership a leader should have a clear and ethical framework that will be agreed with mission and vision of an organization. Ethic should always be the topic of the discussion. All ethical intentions should be transformed into reality. Otherwise, there will be a small effect. A truly leader should stand by his or her ethical decisions. However, he or she can sacrifice the decision if the other one is more ethical and right. The right to use ethical leadership should have everyone in a company, as it a shared process. However, people should put an organization higher than their own interest. It is important to treat an organization and workers around with full sense of respect, fairness and honesty.
The uniqueness of ethical leadership is its ability to deliver value to employees on the emotional and behavioral levels. A leader with ethical values is able to set standards of behavior in an organization, but it should be kept in mind that a leader is not a person with super power and it should not be said that a leader always acts pragmatic in choosing the most significant injustice. In this case, there could be a misinterpretation of the facts, when a leader believes that operates ethically. Thus, in some cases, a leader is guided by moral principles and values, but watch out for the moral aspect because of their own incompetence and lack of experience. Ethical leadership requires from people at the top level to stay with ethical values from the beginning till the end.