Aristotle, reviewing the Plato’s opinion of the Good, considers this notion from different points of view. For him, the Good is a kind of virtue. First of all, the Aristotle’s notion of virtue should be explained.
Spiritual and intellectual virtues exist. The first one is guided by one’s feelings, and the second one is guided by one’s brain.
Human’s actions are divided in voluntary and involuntary
The voluntary one is been committed consciously, according to the own choice and without any compulsion. A good, voluntary action is a sign of virtue. Nevertheless, wicked actions caused by the ignorance should not be blamed, because they are made unconsciously. Action can be considered as virtue, being pleasant for agent, while the wicked one is painful.
However, it is essential to consider the Good as an object of a man’s wish. If to ask people what is good, they will answer it is something useful and pleasant for them. A man would rather choose a pleasant thing than useful. Moreover, an object demanded by one person can be absolutely useless for another. Therefore, one can call good such diverse notions as flute, shoes, oak trees, human beings and so on. For instance, a flute is a very pleasant for soul, an oak tree is for the contemplation, shoes are for walking, and human being is somebody’s sense of life.
A choice between the vice and virtue is rather difficult
Ancient philosophers thought that only wisdom could help with this problem. Wisdom is a state of the intellectual virtue. According to Aristotle, a wise man is good and beneficent. As for me, I strongly support this statement. Clever and wise person can always make the right choice. Such people can correctly estimate almost every situation.
To conclude, good actions are always committed thanks to the wisdom and common sense. Only being rational, a man can make the right choice.