Job-seeking is one the most difficult jobs that anyone will ever long to get. Job-seeking is the transition period within which unemployed people traverse the job market in search of a befitting job. Though tedious and uncertain, job seekers are usually optimistic that their relentless struggle and effort would one day bear fruit in the name of a remunerable job other than merely job hunting. However, sometimes this spirit does not yield according to the jobseekers expectations. Such a state may leave the job-seeker heart broken and completely devastated; saying ‘opportunities are nowhere’. On the contrary, some of the unemployed people who sometimes find themselves in this state may resolve to instigate their own jobs, popularly known as self-employment. As opposed to the former lot, these ones would say that ‘opportunities are now here’. Self-employment may entail establishing a small business enterprise or even rendering a service to satisfy others’ needs. Amazingly such initiatives may turn out to be very profitable and comforting to the initiator. Pessimists would obviously give up completely as they resort to drugs and alcohol as a way of escaping reality. Little do they know that such choices are only designed to postpone and augment one’s tribulations but never resolve challenges that exist. Apart from retreating to oblivious comfort zones, these very pessimists usually point accusing fingers towards the government or the corporate sector for failing to create job opportunities for them. What such people fail to know is that a larger percentage of unemployment would have been created by themselves. To substantiate this fact, this research paper describes different ways through which unemployment is caused by the job-seeker. It first explains how people create unemployment by being selective in their searches; secondly it describes how people’s inability also contributes to unemployment. Mismatching preferences between the employer and the jobseeker, incompetency, unrealistic ambitions and a preconceived notion about employment also feature as factors contributing to this issue.



The belief that jobs are scarce in the contemporary world does not necessarily mean jobs are not available. Many job-seekers miss out on opportunities that present themselves because of selectivity. This is the act of being choosy on the job market. Some people always belief that one must only settle for the job, if it falls right in their career training. In the absence of that availability such people will then keep moving from one industry to the other looking for that particular position. A few astute ones would instead be very versatile while searching for the job. Although one may have professional qualifications in a particular field, there is always the aspect of intertwining disciplines. This enables one to suit in another field even if the credential depict that he or she is only proficient in a particular field. This kind of selectivity is what propagates frictional type of unemployment. Frictional unemployment is simply a reflection of people’s transitions between different jobs. The fact remains that millions of people in the world today are searching for employment (Thombson).

There is also another fact that the world has millions of job opportunities that are literally looking for people. Even in an economy that is well-functioning, it takes a while for people and appropriate jobs to finally find each other. Without selectivity, unemployment rate in the world could be absolutely 0% (Thombson). The reason is that people will always be willing to immediately fill up any vacancy that presents itself before them. Although this strategy may not be undesirable in some way, it would provide one with a platform for seeing other opportunities within that very chance. Meanwhile the employee will be able to earn some income that can suffice even to enable him or her diversify into business (Robin & Michael 39). Those who may want to further their studies as a way of lobbying for precious chances also do that and soon or later find themselves in their dream jobs. Taking the first job is actually very beneficial not just to the employee but to their kin, the company as well as the nation’s economy. Some people even never knew that they were meant for certain jobs until circumstances force them there.

Later the same people rise in ranks to become renowned individual who can be relied on by the industry as well as the society at large. There are a lot of people in prominent position today and who were never sure they would be doing whatever they are proudly doing at the moment. Some people were may have been trained as police officers, teachers, nurses, engineers, just to mention a few, but later forced out their profession by circumstances. In the process of trying to rediscover themselves, they may have landed on to something in the name of keeping them going. Finally, with unrelenting effort the same people end up registering splendid performance that turns them around. Therefore selectivity, only denies jobseekers great opportunity of giving a testimony in their future. It also denies them a chance for self-improvement in their careers, lives and the lives of those who depend on them. Finally the institutions that would have trained these fellows also suffer indirect loses because their input would have been futile.

Inability To Multitask

Another probable way by which jobseekers cause unemployment is lack of capacity to accomplish a number of roles at the job market. Sometimes industries advertise vacancies targeting only those people who are versatile enough to handle several enumerated tasks. This is one way through which those industries may wish to cut down on the wage bill and maximizing the profits at the same time. It happens that most of the job seekers may only be proficient in one aspect of career and that is their main target. In case the panel interviewing them demands to know whether the applicants would be ready to marshal the duties, in the advertised vacancy, the applicant would obviously decline. Such a scenario is also attributed to the education system of most countries today. Some of the curricula of education systems found in certain countries are incompatible with the prevailing demands on the job market. People train for a certain course while are oblivious of the reality on the job market (Robin & Michael 43). What happens is merely shock when the jobseeker finally presents him or herself for the interview by learning that actually what had consumed most of their time in college is not necessarily what may be needed at the job market. More often than not such people end up giving up completely or en route to college to study other skills which are deemed necessary at the work place. The only problem is that vacancies may not easily present themselves in such an industry because specialists who work their usually multitask. It is therefore quite rare for a chance to surface and even if it appears, it would usually be very competitive. In some other cases interviewers may agree to take the job perhaps hoping to get an opportunity to do on job learning. Eventually however the same employee may fail to deliver the expected services obliging the industry to lay him off prematurely.

Mismatching Preferences

Furthermore, jobseekers find it difficult when industries are willing to offer what does not conform to their preferences. This kind of unemployment is known as structural unemployment. Mostly, structural unemployment exists when a mismatch in an economy takes place between the types of jobs that are present courtesy of the employers versus the knowledge, education, skills, experience, as well as the geographical location of job applicants. A major cause of structural unemployment has always been presumed to be the sectoral shifts. This implies that employment falls in some sectors while it rises in other sector. For instance, the US economy may have quite a number of new jobs for health care workers and also financial analysts Southwest region, but these cannot do much good if one lives in the Northeast yet possesses skills in web design and engine assembly. The positive thing about this is that structural unemployment comes into perspective from what is popularly known as ‘creative destruction.’ This is a situation whereby technological and entrepreneurial innovations contribute largely to high quality living standards but at the same time causing certain job opportunities to become obsolete. This renders those people who are skilled in outdated technologies redundant. For instance if the world today embraces technology that has introduced automobile that do not use internal combustion engines due to the negative environmental impacts caused, then the conventional auto industry will soon decline. The decline would obviously translate into structural unemployment because employees do not have knowledge and skills that would warranty those jobs in the technological industries. This does not mean that jobs would be lacking, because new technologies bring forth new markets and new concerns; which ultimately create new opportunities. On the contrary, employment patterns’ shifts industry and sector are usually very disruptive and painful as well. Those working in the declining sectors together with their families and communities normally face an uncertain time ahead when their industry keeps declining. The affected employees in the declining sectors definitely view the value of their expert human capital depreciating spontaneously, and soon the same people would be out seeking jobs once more or simply become a devastated lot in the society. 


Incompetence is the situation when someone is totally deficient of the requisite knowledge, skills and qualities to undertake a certain duty and perform satisfactorily. In this competitive world where resources have certainly shrunk and job vacancies are fewer as compared to the ever growing populace, competence is crucial in employee recruitment. Learning and training institutions have been endowed with the major responsibility of nurturing and producing diligent professionals who would ultimately march the prevalent needs on the job market. it is however sand to note that majority of the jobseekers usually fall short of this vital quality. Some may have quite impressive credentials that obviously impress the interviewing panels. Nonetheless, when the same applicants are subjected to pragmatic interviews in their respective areas of specialty, the opposite impression prevails. What transpires does not in any way portray the splendid results and recommendations that are depicted in the particulars. It therefore obliges the interview panelists to decline granting such a jobseeker a chance that would have presented itself before him or her. Many of these instances happen where people believe in short cuts as a means of achieving their ends in life. Some acquire professional documents through dubious means with hope that those particulars would land them into well-paying jobs. As such the same people forget that documents only open a way for one to reach a certain entry into a job but it takes one’s competence to be sustained in a particular job.

Jobseekers therefore cause unemployment to themselves by forfeiting the latter which is equally an imperative aspect in an employment. It always does not matter whether one passed an interview for a certain job but what is most imperative is having the capacity to deliver the services that satisfy the expectations of the employers. This is what most jobseekers forget and that is why job-seeking mostly usually remains their permanent job. Incompetence also comes into perspective when those employees already in jobs become complacent or perfect the art of procrastination. These qualities would really interfere with their need to gain proficiency in their areas of specialization in order to make competent contribution to the organization. Because the job requirements are often dynamic, these incompetent employees will with time become a liability to the organization. In turn the organization will be obliged to retrench them to pave way for more competent and dynamic workers. In such a situation therefore, the worker would have created unemployment for themselves and are not supposed to blame the employer at all.  

Unrealistic Ambitions

It is normal to have ambitions, especially when seeking a job. Ambition is just a fancy picture created in one’s mind about the kind of job and status he or she would finally land on. Every industry often has its dynamics. Some would offer good remuneration but their job security may be elusive. Others may have very good working environment but offer a very slim package of remuneration to its employment. The common denominator is however that when a job reward is heavy, then responsibilities and mostly even risks may be directly proportional to the reward. Perhaps the employer may be required to work extra hours or days. Sometimes the same employer may be assigned duties outside the firm obliging him or her to be away from the spouse and family for some days. Other responsibilities may literally be risky and requires brevity and sacrifice to take it. Without these considerations in mind, most jobseekers would only develop fancy pictures in mind hoping to land in a comfortable position where one would enjoy and have fun any time of their choice. At time the jobseeker may create unemployment for him or herself because of failing to meet his or her ambition in a job even if the opportunity had been granted (Crutchfield 38). One may forfeit the position immediately after discovering that the prevailing circumstances at work are not the kind he or she had expected when applying for that particular job. Others simply demean the company for being so small and not the caliber to match their qualifications. This may be done with hope that after all given his splendid particulars, a getting the right match would not be a problem. Surprisingly, such people end up hovering from one job to another year in year out to a point of regretting later for sacrificing available opportunities on the altar of ambitions that are unrealistic. The only thing that humbles such characters is the life demands which require at least a source of income to secure ones ends. Eventually the ambitious jobseeker will realize that no industry is even interested in his skills because given the duration he would have been out after college, the knowledge is bound to have depreciated.

Preconceived Notion About Employment

Finally, many jobseekers create unemployment for perpetuating the conventional preconception about employment. Ostensibly, innumerable educated people of this world still belief that once someone is graduated in a certain field, he or she should only seek employment (Cahuc, Carcillo, Zylberberg & McCuaig 57). This notion has rendered many people unemployed even when their aptitude would be sufficient to enable then create jobs on their own. It is weird for every educated person to look for a job without realizing that even that industry was just created by someone who had an intention to employ himself. In the process of the industry owner seeking to create employment for one-self, he or she ended up creating employment for many more people. The plain truth is that if every person in the world clung on to this notion of employment, no one could be seeking employment anywhere. This is because there would be absolutely no industry in which people would go seeking to be employed. Where there is employment today, means that someone denied himself a chance to look for employment elsewhere and instead created employment for himself and for others. Every educated person has great potential and aptitude to instigate something that can benefit himself and others as well. The world has a lot of challenges and which in them are enormous opportunities.

For example other than one seeking to be employed as a teacher in a government school, a professional teacher may opt to establish an academy to supplement the compromise quality of education offered in public institutions. The school may begin on a small scale even with kindergarten and later expand gradually into a full-fledged elementary school. Eventually what would have begun like a minute dream will on time become a destination for a long trail of jobseekers in the society. The institution will end employing trained teachers, accountants, nurses, matrons, school drivers, security guards, cateresses, building contractors, counselors, among other professionals. One should imagine how many jobs would have been lost if this single teacher never instigated the school in the example. The number of chances that this school would eventually offer is directly proportional to the number of unemployment cases that would exist should the teacher have declined establishing this entity. Assuming all educated people shed off the preconception about employment, this world would never have a problem of unemployment. Instead the problem would be for the employers lacking people to employ. The competition among the employers would be so healthy that instead of people going to them to seek employment, employers would be hovering around other enterprises to poach the most experienced employees. Work conditions would excellent because employers would fear to lose their employees. Similarly, all employers would put mechanisms in place to ensure that employees are well remunerated and motivated as a way of maintaining them and increasing the productivity of the organization (Crutchfield 27)


Unemployment is still a serious problem in the contemporary world. Most young educated people have retreated to their comfort zones and only blaming their governments for failing to create jobs form rather than trying to look up many companies that are willing to hire employees. There are countless companies in the world which have vacancies in abundance but young job seekers are only dreaming about major companies, which make them to be unemployed. There are a number of employees who seized whichever opportunities that arose before them and grew in them to a level when they landed in their dream positions. Others worked hard to create employment for themselves other than waiting upon government employment and today they have created numerous jobs for many other people. This means that the power of employment lies in the unemployed people. Unemployed People should avoid the tendency of selectivity with opportunities when they present themselves. If possible let them shed off the notion that every educated individual must be employed. One thing that these jobseekers should know is that no one attains prosperity by getting stuck in an employment. At some point, even employed people think of doing their own thing which gives that maximum fulfillment and prosperity. Other than thinking and lobbying to be employed by their big companies, young people should open up their minds, grasp opportunities that present before them and above all dream to be job creators other than job seekers.

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