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Ethical Perspectives: Samsung
An organization is a group or committee of people who work together or make up a body for the sole purpose of managing, directing, handling and running some particular entity. Organizations come in various forms and sizes. Governments, charities, schools and businesses are all different types of organizations. The American and the world society as a whole depend on organizations to offer goods and services. Today, different nations and societies get more linked through a worldwide economy. Technology and globalization has allowed these organizations to grow and spread in various countries throughout the world (Schmitz, 2004). When an organization sets camp in a new society that has a different culture, it is bound to face issues, both ethnically and socially. Occasionally organizations seek help and support from other countries to address pre-existing social and ethical snags in the public. However, social and ethical problems may also arise in the course of operation because the said organization moved into a different society. This paper focuses on Samsung Electronics, a multinational corporation and a cultural concern that affects its relations outside the United States. Further it will clarify the social and ethical restraints the organization faces as a result of being an international organization. It will identify different ethical viewpoints from across the world and compare these ethical views across cultures tangled with this global union.
Samsung Electronics is a well-known widespread organization. It is particularly relevant to note that the company has spread into other countries as a way to obtain cheap and economical labor. Founded by Lee Byung-chul in 1938, Samsung started as a trading company exporting numerous products from South Korea to Beijing. Samsung Electronics was born in 1969. Today, Samsung is one of the world’s leading technology providers and is currently operating in many countries, especially in Asia and Africa to save money on the cost of labor and production (Thompson, 2012).
For over 70 years, this company has been devoted to making a better world through varied businesses and products. In their efforts to continue growing their product range, they also had to expand their subcontracting to more states, including China. It is in China where the corporation faced serious allegations of plagiarism and employed workers as young as 14 years old. This is unethical and against international labor regulations. The accusations were that there were young children working in their supplying industry. A factory like Huizhou Samsung electronics that makes mp3 players, speakers and phones has for years been employing thousands of underage to stitch the balls. Of the eight plants investigated, three were reported as having engaged in employing under age staff. “Workers have testified that they are not only employing staffs that are too young but children are also working with fake IDs (Thompson 2012).
Child labor is largely concentrated amongst the developing nations all through Latin America, Africa and Asia. Various cultures have diverse opinions on how much responsibility and obligation youngsters should have. Childhood does not only vary amid states but also from culture to culture. While, in some countries, guardians see no wrong with their teenagers getting employed to provide support for their families, other states have child labor laws put in place to protect kids from having such obligations at a tender age. Schmitz (2004) says that child labor has a difficult political and social matter and a lengthy, developing history. This issue has been a center of discussion, particularly in the last decades and continues to produce strong responses. A large number of children are working today all around the world.
Child labor is a matter that significantly affects Samsung Electronics Company and its relations outside United States. Once the deeds of Samsung Electronics in China came to light, there were some stern alterations to the way the corporation functions (Thompson 2012). The authority started by identifying the companies that affected and forced them and the rest of Samsung to abide by strict protocols and pay more attention to how their overseas workshops manufacture products and treats the hired staff.
The social and ethical responsibilities Samsung faced with its worldwide spread generated numerous issues that require close attention. The first issue is cost. For Samsung to stay competitive in price while maintaining their work load, they outsourced most of their business on an international scale. This gave them a cost gain over their rivals and allowed them to grow and set up stores in upcoming markets. Nevertheless, some people saw this as unethical and wrong since it took jobs away from the industrial plants in the United States, but Samsung was doing it in its best interest, which comprises of its current personnel (Schmitz, 2004). If an organization cannot uphold a competitive advantage in the market while growing their business, then progress diminishes and jobs are lost. Consequently, no one wins when the company is not competitive in the industry.
Additionally, the consideration of an area of ethical concern was relentlessly ignored. Samsung decided not to pay attention to the fundamental market principles. Their overseas manufacturing workshops did not consider child labor because there were no strict labor guidelines. It is quite hard to explain and defend moving or creating of jobs outside the United States because when the consumer learns that these occupations are being taken by teenagers, the problem is intensely doubled. The reason for this is that concern lies with the consumer or the customers as most of them do not approve such kind of labor. America has shown its readiness to overlook out sourcing labor, even though child labor is a frightening public relations issue.